Dating spode china marks
Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21.He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008.His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware (a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares including black basalt, caneware, and jasper which had been popularised by Josiah Wedgwood.The history and products of the Spode factory have inspired generations of historians and collectors, and a useful interactive online exhibition was launched in October 2010.The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different.Overglaze "bat printing" on earthenware was a fairly straightforward process, and designs in a range of colours including black, red and lilac were produced.It was light in body, greyish-white and gritty where it was not glazed and approached translucence in the early wares; later Stone-Ware became opaque.Spode pattern books, which record about 75000 patterns, survive from about 1800. Messrs Spode were succeeded in the same business in c.
Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares.
Spode is a Stoke-on-Trent based pottery company that was founded by Josiah Spode (1733–1797) in 1770.
Josiah Spode earned renown for perfecting under-glaze blue transfer printing in 1783–1784 – a development that led to the launch in 1816 of Spode's Blue Italian range which has remained in production ever since.
The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times.
During the 18th century many English potters were striving and competing to discover the industrial secret of the production of fine translucent porcelain.